London Churches: West End

The Great Fire of London prompted the rebuilding of the City’s churches but it was the Age of Enlightenment that inspired the creation of the West End’s

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London’s westward expansion from the late seventeenth century onwards required churches to serve the capital’s new developments and freed from the tight urban constraints that characterised the ancient City, the new churches of the West End combined religious necessities with a new, enlightened spirit of civic display and urban improvement. From Covent Garden to Mayfair, churches were no longer squeezed awkwardly between commercial premises but were elevated to the centrepiece of grand civic squares and set-pieces. And in their development of a new typological template of portico and steeple, London established a distinctive new Protestant church prototype that was exported across the emerging New World.

Highlights:

  • St. Martin-in-the-Fields

  • St. George's Bloomsbury

  • Church of the Immaculate Conception

WALK START LOCATION:      Temple tube station / Map

WALK ENDS: Near Oxford Circus

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ALL WALKS KEY:

STYLES / PERIODS Featured

GO   GOTHIC / PRE-

         MEDIEVAL

 CL    CLASSICAL

MO   MODERN /

        CONTEMPORARY

1   BIG BEN / PARLIAMENT

2   BRITISH MUSEUM

3   BUCKINGHAM PALACE

4   GHERKIN

5   LONDON EYE

6   OLYMPIC PARK

7   ST. PAUL'S CATHEDRAL

8   SHARD

9   TATE MODERN

10  TOWER OF LONDON /

      TOWER BRIDGE

11  TRAFALGAR SQUARE

12  WESTMINSTER ABBEY

LANDMARKS Featured